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carro camilla para pacientes

Carros camilla de emergencia: un componente crucial de los departamentos de emergencia de los hospitales

Emergency stretcher trolleys, also known as ER stretchers or hospital beds on wheels, play a vital role in emergency medical care. These mobile transport devices allow emergency medical personnel to quickly move patients within the emergency department for assessment, treatment and transfer between areas.


Emergency stretcher trolleys, also known as ER stretchers or hospital beds on wheels, play a vital role in emergency medical care. These mobile transport devices allow emergency medical personnel to quickly move patients within the emergency department for assessment, treatment and transfer between areas. In this article, we will explore the key functions of emergency stretcher trolleys and why they are such an important piece of equipment in any busy emergency room.

General Types of Emergency Stretcher Trolleys

emergency stretcher trolley

Emergency stretcher trolleys are vital equipment in healthcare settings, facilitating the safe and efficient transport of patients during emergency situations. These trolleys come in various types, each designed to meet specific needs and accommodate different patient populations. Here are some general types of emergency stretcher trolleys commonly found in hospitals and emergency medical services:

Standard Manual Stretcher Trolleys: Standard manual stretcher trolleys are the most commonly used type. They are manually operated by healthcare providers and typically feature adjustable height settings, collapsible side rails, and locking wheels for stability during patient transport.

Motorized Stretcher Trolleys: Motorized stretcher trolleys are equipped with electric or hydraulic systems that allow for powered operation. These trolleys are ideal for transporting heavier patients or for use in facilities where long-distance patient transport is common.

Pediatric Stretcher Trolleys: Pediatric stretcher trolleys are specifically designed to transport infants, children, and adolescents safely and comfortably. They feature smaller dimensions, adjustable features tailored to pediatric patients, and child-friendly designs.

Bariatric Stretcher Trolleys: Bariatric stretcher trolleys are designed to accommodate larger and heavier patients who may exceed the weight capacity of standard trolleys. They feature reinforced frames, wider mattresses, and higher weight capacities to ensure patient safety and comfort.

Ambulance Stretcher Trolleys: Ambulance stretcher trolleys are designed for use in ambulances and other emergency medical transport vehicles. They are lightweight, compact, and equipped with features such as folding legs and integrated securing mechanisms for secure patient transport during transit.

The Design of Emergency Stretcher Trolleys

A well-designed emergency stretcher trolley needs to fulfill some key requirements. It must be lightweight yet sturdy enough to support patients safely. The frame should be made of durable materials like aluminum that can withstand frequent cleaning and disinfection. Modern stretchers feature adjustable heights, safety rails and braking systems to keep patients secure during transport. Battery-powered models allow for fully autonomous movement through corridors and elevators. Ergonomic handles make the stretchers easy to maneuver, even when fully loaded.

Usage Statistics of Emergency Stretcher Trolleys To understand the scale of usage, consider some statistics:

HospitalAverage Daily ER VisitsStretchers Required
Large Urban Hospital200-30015-20
Community Hospital75-1508-12
Rural Health Center20-503-6

As you can see, larger facilities with higher patient volumes need more emergency stretcher trolleys on standby at all times to accommodate patient flow. Having the right number of stretchers is essential to avoid bottlenecks and delays in emergency care.

Benefits of Using Emergency Stretcher Trolleys

emergency stretcher trolley

There are several advantages to using emergency stretcher trolleys on a daily basis:

  • Speed – Stretchers allow patients to be quickly transported between triage, treatment areas and diagnostic testing without excessive lifting or movement. This saves valuable time during medical emergencies.
  • Safety – Stretchers keep patients secure and immobilized during transport. Safety rails prevent falls. Staff can focus on care without worrying about unstable patients.
  • Comfort – Stretchers provide a comfortable, padded surface for patients compared to being carried. This is better for patient experience and outcomes.
  • Efficiency – Stretchers are easier to maneuver than wheelchairs in tight spaces and crowded conditions common to ERs. Multiple staff can assist with a stretcher simultaneously if needed.
  • Documentation – Many modern stretchers interface with hospital records systems to track patient locations and the care workflow in real-time. This aids clinical documentation.
  • Infection Control – Stretchers have washable, disinfectable surfaces important for preventing hospital-acquired infections. Bacteria cannot linger as with soft furnishings.


In summary, emergency stretcher trolleys have become indispensable equipment in hospital emergency departments. Their mobility, patient safety features and ability to streamline emergency workflows make them crucial for quality emergency care. With proper selection, use and maintenance, stretchers can fulfill their role of shuttling patients efficiently and comfortably during medical crises for many years.

preguntas frecuentes

Q. How much does an emergency stretcher cost?
A. Prices vary depending on features but a basic stretcher ranges from 2,000−5,000, while advanced battery-powered models can go up to 8,000-12,000 each.

Q. What is the lifespan of an emergency stretcher?
A. With proper maintenance, an emergency stretcher trolley should last 7-10 years on average with around-the-clock use before needing replacement or refurbishment.

Q. Are stretchers or wheelchairs better for patient transport in hospitals?
A. Stretchers are preferable for emergency situations and acute care areas due to their load capacity, stability and ability to rapidly move patients long distances while keeping them immobilized. Wheelchairs are better suited once a patient is stabilized.

Q. How should stretchers be cleaned and disinfected between patients?
A. Thorough cleaning and disinfection using an EPA-registered hospital-grade disinfectant is required, with particular attention to high-touch surfaces. Allowing surfaces to fully air dry is also important to kill pathogens.

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